Many different types of authentic reading materials such as magazines, newspapers, novels, and nonfiction works are displayed and are available for student to read independently and use for models for writing.
The classroom has a reading area such as a corner or classroom library, where students are encouraged to go to read for enjoyment.
An area is available for small-group instruction.
The teacher reinforced effort and provided recognition for the attainment of specific goals.
Active participation and social interaction are integral parts of reading instruction and include positive interdependence, group processing, appropriate use of social skills, face-to-face interaction, and individual and group accountability.
The classroom environment indicates that reading and writing are valued and actively promoted (e.g., purposeful writing is displayed, journals are maintained, Word Walls are used, book talks and read-alouds by teacher occur regularly).
The literacy tasks the students were asked to perform during the lesson were meaningful and relevant.
An area is available where students can access technological resources (e.g., computer, Internet, listening center).