How has the Westward Expansion changed our lives?
1. Why were Americans attracted to the western frontier?
2. Which problems that led to settling the 13 Colonies were similar to the problems that led to settling the West?
3. How did the physical environment of the West affect settlement patterns of Americans?
a. Positive Ways
b. Negative Ways
4. What kinds of transportation were available and how did their limits affect settlements in the West?
5. What were the economic advantages and disadvantages (factors) that led people to the West?
6. How did the various cultures in the West interact with each other?
Academic Expectations and Core Content
2.17 Students interact effectively and work cooperatively with the many diverse ethnic and cultural groups of our nation and world
SS-E-2.4.1 As cultures emerge and develop, conflict and competition may occur.
SS-E-2.4.2 Compromise and cooperation are tools for social interaction.
2.18 Students understand economic principles and are able to make economic decisions that have consequences in daily life.
SS-E-3.31 A market exists whenever buyers and sellers exchange goods and services. Prices and availability of goods and services are determined by supply and demand.
SS-E-3.32 The direct exchange of goods and services is called barter. Money has generally replaced barter as a more efficient system for exchange.
2.19 Students recognize and understand the relationship between people and geography and apply their knowledge in real-life situations.
SS-E-4.3.2 Humans usually settle where there are adequate resources to meet their needs (e.g., areas with water, fertile land, protected land, different modes of transportation)
SS-E-4.4.3 The physical environment both promotes and limits human activities (e.g., mountains as barriers or as protection, rivers used as boundaries or transportation routes).
2.20 Students understand, analyze, and interpret historical events, conditions, trends, and issues to develop historical perspective.
SS-E-5.2.2 People explored and settled America and Kentucky for multiple reasons (e.g., freedoms, opportunities, fleeing negative situations).
SS-E-5.2.3 The way we live has changed over time for both Kentuckians and Americans because of changes in many areas (e.g., communication, innovations/inventions, homes, transportation, recreation, traditions, education).
SS-E-5.2.4 The study of U.S. history is categorized into broad historical periods and eras (Westward Expansion).
Each fifth grade student will create a brochure outlining what he or she has learned throughout the unit. The brochure will contain evidence that the students have understood and mastered the answers to the essential questions.
Scoring Guide: Brochure
Skills & Processes
T4.4 Locate information using the Internet
T4.7 Locate information from application software (timeline)
T5.2 Evaluate information using electronic references
T5.2.4 Use appropriate bibliographic citations for electronic resources
T5.3 Evaluate information from the Internet
T6.5 Create a presentation or product using application software.
T2.1 Process information in an ethical manner in real world situations
Attractions to West
Comparisons to 13 Colonies
Transportation Industrial Revolution
Essential Question #1
Essential Question #2
Essential Question #3
Essential Question #4
Various Cultures Review/
Essential Question #5
Essential Question #6
Multiple Choice: circle one letter
Which of the following was not a reason why Americans headed out west.
- Building the national highway
- Mapping passes through the Rocky Mountains
- Finding a route to the Atlantic Ocean
- Clearing the Cumberland Gap
- Conestoga wagons
- Flat boats
- All Americans should have the right to vote.
- All American women should have the right to own property.
- The United States should stretch from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
- All American Indians should live in the land west of the Mississippi River.
- Wanted to end slavery
- Traveled on the Oregon Trail
- Went to California to search for gold
- Supported the idea of states’ rights
- John Calhoun
- James Monroe
- John Marshall
- Andrew Jackson
- Canada and all its resources
- Mississippi River and its territories
- A solution to the Texas border dispute
- The Statue of Liberty
Fill in the Blank: Choose a word from the vocabulary box below and write it in the appropriate sentence.
1. The belief that the United States could and should expand across the continent is called ________________________.
2. A feeling of pride in your country is called ________________________________.
3. Large regions of land are called ______________________.
4. A person who first settles a new place is called a ____________________________________.
5. The ‘outer edge’ of anything is called the _______________________________.
6. Because the removal of the Cherokee Indians in 1838 caused so much suffering, the journey is known as ______________________________________.
7. Adding territories to the United States is known as _____________________________.
8. _________________________ is the process of exchanging goods with others.
9. _________________________ offered many chances to make money and were filled with people just arriving from the East
10. The _________________________________ cost $15 million and doubled the size of the United States.
1. You are working for a large claims company in the late 1700’s. Your boss wants you to convince as many people as possible to move out West so that business will pick up. Write a persuasive paragraph convincing your readers to move. Include at least three reasons.
2. You are a pioneer boy or girl. As you head out west with your family in your Conestoga wagon, you encounter people different from you along the way. Describe at least two different kinds of people and what you might have learned from them.
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